Hosea 11:1a makes it clear that “my son” in 11:1b is a collective reference to Israel. Quoting the whole verse would wreck the correlation to Jesus. This is doubly true for the next verse. Not only does that verse refer to the Israelites in the plural, it also speaks of their idolatry. Both features of that verse make it impossible for Matthew to read Jesus into it.
–Robert Miller, The Case Against Miracles, p. 261-262
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