The existence and reality of consciousness present one of the most pressing challenges to naturalism. As we have said, metaphysical naturalism is the view that only physical things exist. As a result, everything that exists should be describable in physical terminology, including properties such as weight, size, and location. But there are certain subjective aspects of the world that resist such explanation.
–Christian authors, Josh and Sean McDowell, Evidence that Demands a Verdict
Gary: “There are certain subjective aspects of the world that resist such explanation.” Says who?
Christians have been telling humankind for two millennia that various issues involving our universe cannot be explained by natural phenomena alone; an Intelligent Designer had to be involved. Remember when the Catholic Church and Martin Luther scoffed at the claim by Copernicus that the physical evidence demonstrates that the sun revolves around the earth and not the reverse? Every time we run up against an unsolved riddle of the universe, Christians cry out in unison, “It must be God!”; the phenomenon in question must have a supernatural cause, which ultimately, must be (the Christian) God. But science keeps blowing through one Christian assumption after another, doesn’t it?
The latest unsolved riddle is the origin of human consciousness. Can a naturalist explanation exist for this phenomenon? Scientists believe that there probably is:
From: MIT Technology Review
—Is a worm conscious? How about a bumblebee? Does a computer that can play chess “feel” anything?