In discussing [this] issue, however, we are partially hampered by uncertainty as to what constituted honorable burial in the time of Jesus. The Mishna (Sabbat 23.5) mentions burial customs such as washing and anointing the corpse, laying it out and binding up the chin, and closing the eyes. Details of honorable burial can be detected from Jewish narrative literature: trimming the hair, clothing the corpse with care, covering the head with a veil, perhaps tying the hands and feet in view of carrying the corpse. But how many of these practices were customary in Jesus’ time?
There is little certitude, especially since a change in burial style is reported to have been introduced between then and the Mishna (Rabban Gamaliel II—ca. AD 110—is supposed to have opted for simpler burial customs—TalBab Mo’ed Zatan 27b).
As for the customs mentioned in the NT, in an honorable burial Tabitha (Acts 9:37) is washed and laid out at her home, while in a dishonorable burial no washing is mentioned for Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5:6-10). No canonical Gospel mentions the washing of Jesus’ body (though the Gospel of Peter 6:24 does), and that would probably have been the most basic service that could be rendered to one who had died on a cross and would be covered in blood. (Mishna Oholot 2.2 specifies that blood on a corpse is unclean.)
Anointing and spices surely were features of an honorable burial. Those are not mentioned in the Synoptic accounts of Jesus’ burial; but John 19:40 reports, “So they took the body of Jesus; and they bound it with cloths together with spices, as is the custom among the Jews for burying.”
Acts 8:2 reports that the devout men who buried Stephen made great lamentation over him, but no lamentation over Jesus by Joseph or even by Galilean women followers is mentioned.
Thus Mark’s account is singularly lacking in elements that would suggest an honorable burial for Jesus, while John’s account clearly envisions a customary and, therefore, honorable burial.
–Mainstream Roman Catholic New Testament scholar, Raymond Brown, in The Death of the Messiah, p. 1243-1244