As conservative Christians, authors Habermas and Licona believe that Jesus believed that he was God. The authors spend chapter 10 of their book attempting to prove he did. But did he?
I believe that the Gospel of Mark most likely gives us the most accurate portrayal of the historical Jesus. I think that Jesus believed that he was divine in some sense of that word. I think Jesus believed that he was the messiah. He believed that God had given him special supernatural powers, powers above and beyond the typical prophet. I think he believed it was fully within his God-given powers to pronounce God’s forgiveness of sins, just as the priests did in the Temple. But I do not think that Jesus ever believed that he was Yahweh himself, Creator of the universe, who had existed for all eternity. Yes, he considered himself to be the “son of God” but he never refers to himself as the “ONLY Son of God, born of a virgin, fathered by the Holy Spirit”. (The kings of Israel were also referred to as “the son of God”, so this title was not something unique to Jesus.)
The Jesus of the Gospel of John is unrecognizable compared to the Jesus of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. I believe that the Jesus of the Gospel of John and the Jesus of the Synoptics are two different men! I believe that the Jesus of the Gospel of John is a literary invention of late first century Christians who had developed a very high (but fictional) Christology.