Christian apologists assure Christians that it is impossible that first century Jews would believe in an executed-resurrected Messiah unless they had truly seen and interacted with a literal, resurrected body. They base this belief on the assumption that since no Jew had ever heard of an executed-resurrected Messiah concept, no Jew would ever have believed such a concept without physical proof. The resurrection of Jesus had to have happened for Jews to believe this story! Therefore, Christian apologists scoff and snicker at the idea that the Resurrection belief could be based on vivid dreams, visions, or hallucinations.
The problem is, however, the Bible itself gives proof that first century Jews could dramatically change their religious views based on nothing other than dreams, visions, hallucinations, or…trances:
About noon the next day, as they were on their journey and approaching the city, Peter went up on the roof to pray. 10 He became hungry and wanted something to eat; and while it was being prepared, he fell into a trance. 11 He saw the heaven opened and something like a large sheet coming down, being lowered to the ground by its four corners. 12 In it were all kinds of four-footed creatures and reptiles and birds of the air. 13 Then he heard a voice saying, “Get up, Peter; kill and eat.” 14 But Peter said, “By no means, Lord; for I have never eaten anything that is profane or unclean.” 15 The voice said to him again, a second time, “What God has made clean, you must not call profane.” 16 This happened three times, and the thing was suddenly taken up to heaven.
—Acts 10: 9-16
Based on nothing but this “trance”, Christianity began telling devout Jews that it was no longer necessary to keep the Kosher dietary laws, a central teaching of historic Judaism. Not even Jesus had ever taught such a concept! Yet, based on this one trance, devout Jews began eating non-kosher food!
The claim by Christian apologists that the early Christian belief in a bodily resurrection of Jesus could not have been due to vivid dreams, visions, hallucinations, or trances is proven false by the Bible itself.