by Pompeo Batoni
Copied from: Rejection of Pascal’s Wager
In his epistles we know that Paul desperately wants himself to be called an apostle.
|I Corinthians 9:1-3
Am I not free? Am I not an apostle? Have I not seen the Lord? Even though I may not be an apostle to others, surely I am to you!
Indeed he considered his apostleship to be equal to Peter’s!
[F]or he who worked through Peter making him an apostle to the circumcised also worked through me in sending me to the Gentiles.
In Acts, however, the apostleship was presented as an office which could only be conferred on someone who had been with Jesus when he was alive and must be one of the twelve. This is made very clear in Peter’s speech before they chose a replacement for Judas:
So one of the men who had accompanied us during all the time that the Lord went in and out among us, beginning from the baptism of John until the day he was taken up from us-one of these must become a witness with us to his resurrection…Then they prayed and said, “Lord…Show us which one of these two you have chosen to take the place in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas turned aside to go to his own place.”
Further on, Luke had Peter add another criterion for apostleship, that of having eaten and drank with the risen Jesus! (Acts 10:41) Even Paul is made to accept this criterion as being confined only to those who came with the earthly Jesus from Galilee and experienced his resurrection. (Acts 13:30-31) Thus Luke is generally consistent in the application of the title which does not include Paul.  [a]