The Trinity: the central Christian dogma that the One God exists in Three Persons (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) and one substance. It is a mystery in the strict sense, in that it can neither be known by reason apart from revelation, nor demonstrated by reason after it has been revealed…
The Persons differ only in origin, in that the Father is unregenerated, the Son is (eternally) generated by the Father, and the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father through the Son.
—The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the
Analysis: The trinity “can neither be known by reason apart from revelation, nor demonstrated by reason after it has been revealed.” Paraphrasing Thomas Jefferson, how can one be expected to agree with something that can neither be explained nor understood? Christians assert that God consists of three persons, the Father, the son and the holy spirit. According to Judaism, God is infinite, indivisible and transcends both time and space. Therefore, God cannot be separated into three or any other number of people or parts. If the three “persons” of the trinity are distinct entities, then each is finite. Three finite entities cannot constitute an Infinite Being. The trinity negates God’s absolute Oneness and unity.
Augustine, an important early church theologian expressed the doctrine of the trinity in terms of a mystery, which was popularized in a hymn by John Wesley: “Tis mystery all; the immortal dies.” However, there is a difference between “mystery” and the irrationality of thought that occurs when words become unintelligible.
Christianity insists that its adherents must believe an irrational theory that three is one and one is three; a theory that it admits it cannot explain or understand. This has imposed an intolerable burden on Christianity and has taxed the common sense of Christians. It has imposed an aura of sanctity to an unprovable and unbiblical concept because fourth-century Gentile theologians in league with a pagan Roman Emperor dictated the terms of the creed. The theory of the trinity alienates Christianity from its roots in Jewish theology and from Jesus, whose understanding of God was formed by the prophets of Israel, not by pagan Greek philosophy or Gentile church councils.
—orthodox Jewish author, Asher Norman
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