Does the Old Testament prophesy about Jesus? Part 3

Christians assert that the Old Testament is full of prophecies regarding Jesus of Nazareth, who they claim to be the Jewish Messiah.  Jews say that Christians are misreading the passages.  Who is right?  I am addressing these alleged prophecies from this list:  here

Old Testament Prophecy:

Isaiah 40:3  <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18424D" value="(D)”>A voice cries:<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-18424b" value="[b]”>[b]
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18424E" value="(E)”>“In the wilderness prepare the way of the Lord;
    <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18424F" value="(F)”>make straight in the desert a highway for our God.
 
 
  A messenger would prepare the way for Messiah

Another doozy, folks!  If you read this passage in context, there is no possible way this “prophecy” refers to John Baptist.  This passage is referring to the captive Hebrews, living and suffering in Babylon, returning to their beloved Jerusalem and land of Canaan.  Who is the one who prepares the way of the Lord (the way back to Jerusalem)?  Answer:  Cyrus, King of Persia, ruler of the Medes and Persians, who captured Babylon, and therefore became the new master of the captive Hebrews living in Babylon.


the Babylonian destruction of Jerusalem

Isaiah 39

Envoys from Babylon

39 <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18414A" value="(A)”>At that time Merodach-baladan the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18414B" value="(B)”>sent envoys with letters and a present to Hezekiah, for he heard that he had been sick and had recovered. And Hezekiah welcomed them gladly. And he showed them his treasure house, <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18415C" value="(C)”>the silver, the gold, the spices, the precious oil, his whole armory, all that was found in his storehouses. <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18415D" value="(D)”>There was nothing in his house or in all his realm that Hezekiah did not show them. Then Isaiah the prophet came to King Hezekiah, and said to him, “What did these men say? And from where did they come to you?” Hezekiah said, “They have come to me from a far country, from Babylon.” He said, “What have they seen in your house?” Hezekiah answered, “They have seen all that is in my house. There is nothing in my storehouses that I did not show them.”
 

Then Isaiah said to Hezekiah, “Hear the word of the Lord of hosts: <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18419E" value="(E)”>Behold, the days are coming, when all that is in your house, and that which your fathers have stored up till this day, shall be carried to Babylon. Nothing shall be left, says the Lord. <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18420F" value="(F)”>And some of your own sons, who will come from you, whom you will father, shall be taken away, and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.” Then Hezekiah said to Isaiah, “The word of the Lord that you have spoken is good.” For he thought, <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18421G" value="(G)”>“There will be peace and security in my days.”

Isaiah 40:1-8

Comfort, comfort my people, says your God.
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18423B" value="(B)”>Speak tenderly to Jerusalem,
    and cry to her
that <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18423C" value="(C)”>her warfare<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-18423a" value="[a]”>[a] is ended,
    that her iniquity is pardoned,
that she has received from the Lord‘s hand
    double for all her sins.

<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18424D" value="(D)”>A voice cries:<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-18424b" value="[b]”>[b]
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18424E" value="(E)”>“In the wilderness prepare the way of the Lord;
    <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18424F" value="(F)”>make straight in the desert a highway for our God.
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18425G" value="(G)”>Every valley shall be lifted up,
    and every mountain and hill be made low;
the uneven ground shall become level,
    and the rough places a plain.
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18426H" value="(H)”>And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed,
    and all flesh shall see it together,
    <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18426I" value="(I)”>for the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”
 


The captive Jews departing Jerusalem for Babylon

 

The Word of God Stands Forever

A voice says, “Cry!”
    And I said,<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-18427c" value="[c]”>[c] “What shall I cry?”
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18427J" value="(J)”>All flesh is grass,
    and all its beauty<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-18427d" value="[d]”>[d] is like the flower of the field.
The grass withers, the flower fades
    when the breath of the Lord blows on it;
    surely the people are grass.
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18429K" value="(K)”>The grass withers, the flower fades,
    but the word of our God will stand forever.
(this poetic discussion goes on and on until we reach the end of Isaiah chapter 44!  And then let’s see what this long passage is all about):
Isaiah 44:24-28
Thus says the Lord, <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18558AE" value="(AE)”>your Redeemer,
    <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18558AF" value="(AF)”>who formed you from the womb:
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18558AG" value="(AG)”>“I am the Lord, who made all things,
    <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18558AH" value="(AH)”>who alone stretched out the heavens,
    who spread out the earth by myself,
25 who frustrates the signs of liars
    and makes fools of diviners,
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18559AI" value="(AI)”>who turns wise men back
    and makes their knowledge foolish,
26 <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18560AJ" value="(AJ)”>who confirms the word of his servant
    and fulfills the counsel of his messengers,
who says of Jerusalem, ‘She shall be inhabited,’
    <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18560AK" value="(AK)”>and of the cities of Judah, ‘They shall be built,
    and I will raise up their ruins’;
27 <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18561AL" value="(AL)”>who says to the deep, ‘Be dry;
    I will dry up your rivers’;
28 who says of <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18562AM" value="(AM)”>Cyrus (the King of Persia), ‘He is <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18562AN" value="(AN)”>my shepherd,
    and he shall fulfill all my purpose’;
saying of Jerusalem, ‘She shall be built,’
    <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-18562AO" value="(AO)”>and of the temple, ‘Your foundation shall be laid.’”
 
 
Cyrus the Great, King of Persia
A “messiah” to the Jewish people for allowing them
to return to Canaan
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