Did Jesus really fullfill Old Testament Prophecies?

One of the claims by Christians that they say proves that Jesus of Nazareth was and is God is that he fulfilled Old Testament prophecies related to the coming of the Jewish Messiah.  Below is a list of such prophecies from a Christian’s website.  Let’s take a look at these claims.

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Prophecies Jesus Fulfilled

44 Prophecies Jesus Christ Fulfilled
  Prophecies About Jesus Old Testament
New Testament
1 Messiah would be born of a woman. Genesis 3:15 Matthew 1:20
Galatians 4:4
2 Messiah would be born in Bethlehem. Micah 5:2 Matthew 2:1
Luke 2:4-6
3 Messiah would be born of a virgin. Isaiah 7:14 Matthew 1:22-23
Luke 1:26-31
4 Messiah would come from the line of Abraham. Genesis 12:3
Genesis 22:18
Matthew 1:1
Romans 9:5
5 Messiah would be a descendant of Isaac. Genesis 17:19
Genesis 21:12
Luke 3:34
6 Messiah would be a descendant of Jacob. Numbers 24:17 Matthew 1:2
7 Messiah would come from the tribe of Judah. Genesis 49:10 Luke 3:33
Hebrews 7:14
8 Messiah would be heir to King David‘s throne. 2 Samuel 7:12-13
Isaiah 9:7
Luke 1:32-33
Romans 1:3
9 Messiah’s throne will be anointed and eternal. Psalm 45:6-7
Daniel 2:44
Luke 1:33
Hebrews 1:8-12
10 Messiah would be called Immanuel. Isaiah 7:14 Matthew 1:23
11 Messiah would spend a season in Egypt. Hosea 11:1 Matthew 2:14-15
12 A massacre of children would happen at Messiah’s birthplace. Jeremiah 31:15 Matthew 2:16-18
13 A messenger would prepare the way for Messiah Isaiah 40:3-5 Luke 3:3-6
14 Messiah would be rejected by his own people. Psalm 69:8
Isaiah 53:3
John 1:11
John 7:5
15 Messiah would be a prophet. Deuteronomy 18:15 Acts 3:20-22
16 Messiah would be preceded by Elijah. Malachi 4:5-6 Matthew 11:13-14
17 Messiah would be declared the Son of God. Psalm 2:7 Matthew 3:16-17
18 Messiah would be called a Nazarene. Isaiah 11:1 Matthew 2:23
19 Messiah would bring light to Galilee. Isaiah 9:1-2 Matthew 4:13-16
20 Messiah would speak in parables. Psalm 78:2-4
Isaiah 6:9-10
Matthew 13:10-15, 34-35
21 Messiah would be sent to heal the brokenhearted. Isaiah 61:1-2 Luke 4:18-19
22 Messiah would be a priest after the order of Melchizedek. Psalm 110:4 Hebrews 5:5-6
23 Messiah would be called King. Psalm 2:6
Zechariah 9:9
Matthew 27:37
Mark 11:7-11
24 Messiah would be praised by little children. Psalm 8:2 Matthew 21:16
25 Messiah would be betrayed. Psalm 41:9
Zechariah 11:12-13
Luke 22:47-48
Matthew 26:14-16
26 Messiah’s price money would be used to buy a potter’s field. Zechariah 11:12-13 Matthew 27:9-10
27 Messiah would be falsely accused. Psalm 35:11 Mark 14:57-58
28 Messiah would be silent before his accusers. Isaiah 53:7 Mark 15:4-5
29 Messiah would be spat upon and struck. Isaiah 50:6 Matthew 26:67
30 Messiah would be hated without cause. Psalm 35:19
Psalm 69:4
John 15:24-25
31 Messiah would be crucified with criminals. Isaiah 53:12 Matthew 27:38
Mark 15:27-28
32 Messiah would be given vinegar to drink. Psalm 69:21 Matthew 27:34
John 19:28-30
33 Messiah’s hands and feet would be pierced. Psalm 22:16
Zechariah 12:10
John 20:25-27
34 Messiah would be mocked and ridiculed. Psalm 22:7-8 Luke 23:35
35 Soldiers would gamble for Messiah’s garments. Psalm 22:18 Luke 23:34
Matthew 27:35-36
36 Messiah’s bones would not be broken. Exodus 12:46
Psalm 34:20
John 19:33-36
37 Messiah would be forsaken by God. Psalm 22:1 Matthew 27:46
38 Messiah would pray for his enemies. Psalm 109:4 Luke 23:34
39 Soldiers would pierce Messiah’s side. Zechariah 12:10 John 19:34
40 Messiah would be buried with the rich. Isaiah 53:9 Matthew 27:57-60
41 Messiah would resurrect from the dead. Psalm 16:10
Psalm 49:15
Matthew 28:2-7
Acts 2:22-32
42 Messiah would ascend to heaven. Psalm 24:7-10 Mark 16:19
Luke 24:51
43 Messiah would be seated at God’s right hand. Psalm 68:18
Psalm 110:1
Mark 16:19
Matthew 22:44
44 Messiah would be a sacrifice for sin. Isaiah 53:5-12 Romans 5:6-8

1.  The Messiah would be born of a woman.

     Well, that would qualify just about every human being who has ever walked the planet.

2.  The Messiah would be born in Bethlehem.

     This is an interesting one.  How do we know where Jesus was born?  Do we have birth records?  Bar Mitzvah (circumcision) records?  Did the Romans include Jesus’ birth in a census?  The Jews?  No.  We have no record of where Jesus was born except by two anonymous Christian authors, “Matthew” and “Luke”, writing sixty to eighty years after his birth, in far away locations, writing in a foreign language, describing two very different birth stories…in the same little town, Bethlehem.  Historical fact or legend?  Answer:  We will never know for sure.

3.  Messiah would be born of a virgin.

      Let’s take a look at the Old Testament passage from which this “prophecy” originates.  I’m going to copy and paste the entire passage, not just the single verse:

In the days of <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17784A" value="(A)”>Ahaz the son of Jotham, son of Uzziah, king of Judah, <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17784B" value="(B)”>Rezin the king of Syria and <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17784C" value="(C)”>Pekah the son of Remaliah the king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to wage war against it, but could not yet mount an attack against it. When the house of David was told, <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17785D" value="(D)”>“Syria is in league with<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-17785a" value="[a]”>[a] <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17785E" value="(E)”>Ephraim,” the heart of Ahaz<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-17785b" value="[b]”>[b] and the heart of his people shook as the trees of the forest shake before the wind.

And the Lord said to Isaiah, “Go out to meet Ahaz, you and <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17786F" value="(F)”>Shear-jashub<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-17786c" value="[c]”>[c] your son, at the end of <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17786G" value="(G)”>the conduit of the upper pool on the highway to the Washer’s Field. And say to him, <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17787H" value="(H)”>‘Be careful, <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17787I" value="(I)”>be quiet, do not fear, and do not let your heart be faint because of these two <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17787J" value="(J)”>smoldering stumps of firebrands, at the fierce anger of Rezin and Syria and <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17787K" value="(K)”>the son of Remaliah. Because Syria, with Ephraim and <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17788L" value="(L)”>the son of Remaliah, has devised evil against you, saying, “Let us go up against Judah and terrify it, and let us conquer it<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-17789d" value="[d]”>[d] for ourselves, and set up the son of Tabeel as king in the midst of it,” thus says the Lord God:

<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17790M" value="(M)”>“‘It shall not stand,
    and it shall not come to pass.
For the head of Syria is <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17791N" value="(N)”>Damascus,
    and the head of Damascus is Rezin.
And within sixty-five years
    Ephraim will be shattered from being a people.
And the head of Ephraim is Samaria,
    and the head of Samaria is <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17792O" value="(O)”>the son of Remaliah.
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17792P" value="(P)”>If you<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-17792e" value="[e]”>[e] are not firm in faith,
    you will not be firm at all.’”

10 Again the Lord spoke to Ahaz, 11 “Ask <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17794Q" value="(Q)”>a sign of the Lord your<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-17794f" value="[f]”>[f] God; let it be deep as Sheol or high as heaven.” 12 But Ahaz said, “I will not ask, and I will not put the Lord to the test.” 13 And he<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-17796g" value="[g]”>[g] said, “Hear then, O house of David! Is it too little for you to weary men, that you <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17796R" value="(R)”>weary my God also? 14 Therefore the <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17797S" value="(S)”>Lord himself will give you a sign. <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17797T" value="(T)”>Behold, the <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17797U" value="(U)”>virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and shall call his name <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17797V" value="(V)”>Immanuel.<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-17797h" value="[h]”>[h] 15 He shall eat <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17798W" value="(W)”>curds and honey when he knows how to refuse the evil and choose the good. 16 <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17799X" value="(X)”>For before the boy knows how to refuse the evil and choose the good, the land whose two kings you dread will be <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17799Y" value="(Y)”>deserted. 17 <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17800Z" value="(Z)”>The Lord will bring upon you and upon your people and upon your father’s house such days as have not come since the day that <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17800AA" value="(AA)”>Ephraim departed from Judah—the king of Assyria.”
18 In that day the Lord will <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17801AB" value="(AB)”>whistle for the fly that is at the end of the streams of Egypt, and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria. 19 And they will all come and settle in the steep ravines, and <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17802AC" value="(AC)”>in the clefts of the rocks, and on all the thornbushes, and on all the pastures.<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-17802i" value="[i]”>[i]

20 In that day <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17803AD" value="(AD)”>the Lord will <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17803AE" value="(AE)”>shave with a razor that is <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17803AF" value="(AF)”>hired beyond <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17803AG" value="(AG)”>the River—with the king of Assyria—the head and the hair of the feet, and it will sweep away the beard also.

21 <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17804AH" value="(AH)”>In that day a man will keep alive a young cow and two sheep, 22 and because of the abundance of milk that they give, he will eat curds, for everyone who is left in the land will eat <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17805AI" value="(AI)”>curds and honey.

23 In that day every place where there used to be a thousand vines, worth a thousand shekels<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-17806j" value="[j]”>[j] of silver, will become <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17806AJ" value="(AJ)”>briers and thorns. 24 <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17807AK" value="(AK)”>With bow and arrows a man will come there, for all the land will be briers and thorns. 25 <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17808AL" value="(AL)”>And as for all the hills that used to be hoed with a hoe, you will not come there for fear <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-17808AM" value="(AM)”>of briers and thorns, but they will become a place where cattle are let loose and where sheep tread.

Any non-biased person who with an eighth grade education can see that this passage has nothing to do with a coming Messiah.  This passage involves a prophecy of a sign to the King of Judah that he need not fear the Syrian and Northern Israel assault on Jerusalem.  That’s it folks.  No messiah prophecy.

And what about the “virgin” statement?  If you go to the Hebrew Bible, the Hebrew word used there means only “young woman”.  I does not mean “virgin”.  When the Hebrew Bible was translated into Greek during the Greek occupation of Palestine in the centuries just prior to Jesus’ birth, the Greek word that was used to replace the Hebrew word in the Greek Bible (the Septuagint), the Bible that Jesus, his disciples, and their followers used in the first century AD, in this particular passage of Isaiah, can mean either “young woman” or “virgin”.  So in the Hebrew, a passage that simply stated that a young woman would conceive (not a miracle) now becomes a “young virgin” will conceive (a miracle).

So whoever wrote the Gospel of Matthew, most likely a Greek speaker since he wrote in his Gospel in Greek, found this ancient Old Testament passage (written in Greek)and saw “a virgin” will conceive…and decided that Jesus had fulfilled this prophecy by being born…of a virgin.  Are atheists and skeptics making his up?  Well, ask any Jewish rabbi what that verse in Isaiah says in the original Hebrew and you will find out.  The Hebrew word in that passage does not mean virgin!

This “prophecy” is an invention by a first century Greek-speaking Christian who obviously did not know his Hebrew!

4-6.  The Messiah would be a descendent of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob

     Well, that would make every Jew who has ever lived a candidate for the Messiah.

7.  Messiah would come from the tribe of Judah.

     In Judaism, one’s tribe affiliation is passed from one’s father.  Since Jesus had no earthly father, Jesus could not say that he was of the tribe of Judah.  This prophecy was definitely not fulfilled by Jesus.  (No, his mother being of the tribe of Judah does not count in Judaism.  But we can’t even be sure that Mary was of the tribe of Judah.  It is only speculation that one of the genealogies in the Gospels is that of Mary.  On the surface, both genealogies appear to be of Joseph, Jesus’ stepfather.)

8-9.   Messiah would be heir to King David‘s throne.

   Well, we cannot know if Jesus is descended from King David for several reasons.  One, Matthew’s genealogy is definitely Joseph’s ancestry.  Luke also says that the genealogy listed is of Joseph, but even if we buy the Christian argument that Luke’s genealogy is of Mary, Mary is allegedly descended not from Solomon, but from another of David’s sons, Nathan.  The messiah was prophesied to be descended from both David and Solomon…and besides that…Nathan’s line was cursed by God and denied the right to the throne!

Therefore, we have zero evidence that Jesus is a descendent of King David.  Read here for the really bizarre (preposterous) explanations Christians have come up with over the centuries for this blatant discrepancy:  here

David, King of Israel

10.  Messiah would be called Immanuel

     Did you ever wonder about this statement when you participated as a kid in your church’s Christmas play?  “And he shall be called “Immanuel”…

Except for this passage, the Annunciation, where do we ever see Jesus addressed as “Immanuel” or referred to by this name during his lifetime on earth?  Jesus’ name was “Jesus”, not Immanuel.  The author of the Annunciation story, writing years after Jesus’ death, obviously just decided to throw that prophecy into the story.

11.  Messiah would spend a season in Egypt.

     Oh my goodness, folks!  This one is a doozy!  Read the passage below and see if you think that there is any hint that God is talking about anyone other than…who he explicitly addresses the passage to:  Israel, his people!  This “prophecy” is such a blatant fabrication it is pathetic!  In the very next verse after saying “out of Egypt I called my son” what does God say?  Answer:  they…did this, and they…did that!  If you forgot your English folks, that is a plural pronoun!  God is not speaking to one person, he is speaking to Israel, the people of Israel as a whole.  That is why he uses the pronoun “they” not “he”!

Hosea 11 (ESV)

The Lord‘s Love for Israel

11 <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22242A" value="(A)”>When Israel was a child, <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22242B" value="(B)”>I loved him,
    and out of Egypt I <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22242C" value="(C)”>called <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22242D" value="(D)”>my son.
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22243E" value="(E)”>The more they were called,
    the more they went away;
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22243F" value="(F)”>they kept sacrificing to the Baals
    and burning offerings to idols.
Yet it was <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22244G" value="(G)”>I who taught Ephraim to walk;
    I took them up by their arms,
    but they did not know that <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22244H" value="(H)”>I healed them.
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22245I" value="(I)”>I led them with cords of kindness,<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-22245a" value="[a]”>[a]
    with the bands of love,
and <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22245J" value="(J)”>I became to them as one who eases the yoke on their jaws,
    and <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22245K" value="(K)”>I bent down to them and fed them.
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22246L" value="(L)”>They shall not<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-22246b" value="[b]”>[b] return to the land of Egypt,
    but <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22246M" value="(M)”>Assyria shall be their king,
    <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22246N" value="(N)”>because <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22246O" value="(O)”>they have refused to return to me.
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22247P" value="(P)”>The sword shall rage against their cities,
    consume the bars of their gates,
    and devour them <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22247Q" value="(Q)”>because of their own counsels.
My people are bent <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22248R" value="(R)”>on turning away from me,
    and though <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22248S" value="(S)”>they call out to the Most High,
    he shall not raise them up at all.
How can I give you up, O Ephraim?
    How can I hand you over, O Israel?
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22249T" value="(T)”>How can I make you <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22249U" value="(U)”>like Admah?
    How can I treat you <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22249V" value="(V)”>like Zeboiim?
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22249W" value="(W)”>My heart recoils within me;
    my compassion grows warm and tender.
I will not execute my burning anger;
    I will not again destroy Ephraim;
<sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22250X" value="(X)”>for I am God and not a man,
    <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22250Y" value="(Y)”>the Holy One in your midst,
    and I will not come in wrath.<sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-22250c" value="[c]”>[c]
10 <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22251Z" value="(Z)”>They shall go after the Lord;
    <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22251AA" value="(AA)”>he will roar like a lion;
when he roars,
    his children shall come trembling <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22251AB" value="(AB)”>from the west;
11 they shall come trembling like birds <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22252AC" value="(AC)”>from Egypt,
    and <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22252AD" value="(AD)”>like doves <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22252AE" value="(AE)”>from the land of Assyria,
    and I will return them to their homes, declares the Lord.
12 <sup class="footnote" data-fn="#fen-ESV-22253d" value="[d]”>[d] Ephraim <sup class="crossreference" data-cr="#cen-ESV-22253AF" value="(AF)”>has surrounded me with lies,
    and the house of Israel with deceit,
but Judah still walks with God
    and is faithful to the Holy One.
No mention of a Messiah, is there, folks?
This post is getting long, so I am going to address the other alleged prophecies in future posts.


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